The Dubai Mall is the world’s largest shopping mall based on total area and sixth largest by gross leas able area. Located in Dubai, United Arab Emirates, it is part of the 20-billion-dollar Downtown Dubai complex, and includes 1,200 shops.[Access to the mall is offered via Doha Street, rebuilt as a double-decker road in April 2009.
Twice delayed, Dubai Mall opened on 4 November 2008, with about 635 retailers, marking the world’s largest-ever mall opening in retail history. However it is not the largest in gross leas able space, and is exceeded in that category by several malls such as the South China Mall, which is the world’s largest, Golden Resources Mall, SM City North Edsa, and SM Mall of Asia.
The Dubai Mall recorded 60,000 tickets sold for the Dubai Aquarium and Discovery Centre in the first five days, following its opening. The Dubai Mall hosted over 37 million site visitors in 2009, and attracts more than 750,000 visitors every week. While in 2010 it hosted 47 million, and saw footfall increase by around 27 percent over 2009, despite the economical crisis. In 2012, Dubai Mall continued to hold title of world’s most-visited shopping and leisure destination, and attracted more than 65 million visitors, an increase of more than 20 percent compared to the 54 million recorded in 2011. It attracted more visitors than New York City with over 52 million tourists in 2012, and Los Angeles with 41 million. The numbers also surpass visitor arrivals to all landmark leisure destinations and theme parks in the world including Times Square (39.2 million), Central Park (38 million), and Niagara Falls (22.5 million).
The mall was built by a joint venture of Dutco Balfour Beatty, Al Ghandi/CCC and Turner Construction for Emaar Properties and was scheduled to be completed in 2006, claiming to be the size of 50 “international-sized football (soccer) pitches”. Most of the workers used in structure of the mall were Indian, Pakistani, Bangladeshi and Sri Lankan guest workers. The internal mobile phone coverage for Dubai Mall was commissioned, built-in and carried out by Motorola Dubai for Ethicality and Du. Multimedia and acoustic design is by Shen Milsom & Wilke, London. Gulf precast was in charge of the precast job on the outside.
The Mall’s Dubai Aquarium and Discovery Centre, developed and operated by Oceanis Australia Group, officially earned the Guinness World Record for the world’s “Largest Acrylic Panel” (32.88 m wide × 8.3 m high × 750 mm thick and weighing 245,614 kg). The acrylic viewing panel is larger than Japan’s Okinawa Churaumi Aquarium (22.5 m wide × 8.2 m high and 600 mm thick). Its 750 mm thick acrylic viewing panel can endure pressure of 10 million litres of water used in the aquarium, but its visibility gives visitors clear views of over 33,000 marine animals on display. In February 2010, a leak in the container caused a partial evacuation and brief shutdown of a portion of the mall. The Mall adopted a Worldwide Standard of Ethics and Animal Welfare Policy in its growth and operation.
The Mall’s Dubai Ice Rink multi-purpose venue, uses refrigeration plant technology by developing 1.5 inches (38 mm) of ice bed, 2 times the fullness of an NHL ice rink for Olympic-sized fascination. Dubai Ice Rink can host a capacity of up to 2,000 guests, when converted into a multi-functional hall with a multimedia system including a 20 m × 10 m LED screen. Functions Manager, Richard Rowlands, a 7 years Welsh figure boarding pair’s champion, described it: “Dubai Ice Rink in itself is an interesting service, providing the first-ever Olympic-sized ice rink to Dubai. A top-class service offering the best of, such as over 1,800 pairs of skates imported from a leading producer in Italy to fit children and grownups of all ages and sizes, the Dubai Ice Rink will host themed nights, Learn-to-Skate programs, figure skating lessons and hockey matches. The advanced technology used at the Dubai Ice Rink ensures that the stability of the ice-bed is managed at all times. By integrating the fridge technology of pushing in glycol through a network of pipes, and monitoring the cooling over a period of five to six days, the 38 mm ice-bed is tailored to endure multiple actions in a safe atmosphere.