In today’s world, science and technology (S&T) play a vital role in economic prosperity, social developments and national security. Basic science provides raw materials for innovations and technical break through.In the field of missile launch technology, India is globally acknowledged as one of countries most advanced in nuclear, space and information technology. But presently, the science &technology of our country accounts less than one percent of the G&P.
I must mention some of the reasons for these aspects. Ironically, in India the interaction between universities and industries is very little. Most of the industries in our country obtain foreign technology rather than developing or inventing new technology. They are reluctant to invest on research and development.
Moreover invention is rarely transformed into products due to lack of interface between industries and universities. In our country, very little funds are spender to promote basic research and development.
Lessons can be learn from Japan which set Japan science &Technology corporation (JST) in 1996with an objective to develop cutting edge and innovative research, promotes commercialization of relevant research results from universities, national laboratories and other centers to facilitate emergence of new industries. There are no doubts that the science and technology policy of India is one of the best, but much needs to be done for its speedy and effective implementation.
In our country, one of the major constraints in attracting bright science and engineering student is lack of adequate talented faculty at the university level. Our country should have a pro-active and realistic policy to lure bright people within the country and outside. International co-operation, participation in international events, means to attract international scientists to our laboratories, to name a few, need to be enhanced on the basis of realistic policies.
Profit making private and public sector industries should be made aware of and persuaded to spend certain amount of profit money to promote science and technology through interactions with universities and research establishments.
Implemented in the quality of research will also lead to concomitant improvement in the quality of education imparted to the student, which will then cycle back to further improve the quality of science- a case of positive feedback. Innovative schemes to attract students to science and technology and to deploy them in highly challenging careers in our country must core of our S&T policy. One of the reasons for japans’ success in science & technology could be their scheme of surveys for intensively tapping of the young generation. This helps to identify the best individual researchers at a younger age.
At last but not least, most impotently, true team efforts of multidisciplinary and multi organization without any mental blockades of academic, research or industry must be encouraged and rewarded.